On the power leakage problem in beamspace MIMO systems with lens antenna array

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Authors Tian Xie, Linglong Dai, Xinyu Gao, Haipeng Yao, Xiaodong Wang
Journal/Conference Name IEEE 86th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC…
Paper Category
Paper Abstract The recently proposed concept of beamspace MIMO can significantly reduce the number of power- hungry radio frequency (RF) chains in millimeter- wave (mmWave) massive MIMO systems. However, most existing studies ignore the power leakage problem in beamspace MIMO systems, which results in an obvious loss in the achievable sum rate. In this paper, a phase shifter network (PSN)-based precoding structure is proposed to solve this problem. Its key idea is to employ multiple phase shifters from each RF chain to select multiple instead of only one beam to collect most of the leaked power. Based on the proposed structure, a rotation-based precoding algorithm is further designed to maximize the signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR) of each user by rotating the channel gains of the selected beams to the same direction. Simulation results show that the proposed PSN- based precoding can effectively collect the leaked power to achieve the near-optimal sum rate, and enjoys a higher energy efficiency than the conventional precoding solutions.
Date of publication 2017
Code Programming Language MATLAB

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