Multi-Exposure Image Fusion by Optimizing A Structural Similarity Index

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Authors Kede Ma, Zhengfang Duanmu, Hojatollah Yeganeh, and Zhou Wang
Journal/Conference Name IEEE Transactions on Computational Imaging
Paper Category
Paper Abstract We propose a multi-exposure image fusion (MEF) algorithm by optimizing a novel objective quality measure, namely the color MEF structural similarity (MEF-SSIMc) index. The design philosophy we introduce here is substantially different from existing ones. Instead of pre-defining a systematic computational structure for MEF (e.g., multiresolution transformation and transform domain fusion followed by image reconstruction), we directly operate in the space of all images, searching for the image that optimizes MEF-SSIMc. Specifically, we first construct the MEF-SSIMc index by improving upon and expanding the application scope of the existing MEF-SSIM algorithm. We then describe a gradient ascent-based algorithm, which starts from any initial point in the space of all possible images and iteratively moves towards the direction that improves MEF-SSIMc until convergence. Numerical and subjective experiments demonstrate that the proposed algorithm consistently produces better quality fused images both visually and in terms of MEF-SSIMc. The final high quality fused image appears to have little dependence on the initial image. The proposed optimization framework is readily extensible to construct better MEF algorithms when better objective quality models for MEF are available.
Date of publication 2018
Code Programming Language MATLAB

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