Graph coloring based pilot allocation to mitigate pilot contamination for multi-cell massive MIMO systems

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Authors Xudong Zhu, Linglong Dai, Zhaocheng Wang
Journal/Conference Name IEEE Communications Letters
Paper Category
Paper Abstract A massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system, which utilizes a large number of base station (BS) antennas to serve a set of users, suffers from pilot contamination due to the inter-cell interference (ICI). In this letter, a graph coloring based pilot allocation (GC-PA) scheme is proposed to mitigate pilot contamination for multi-cell massive MIMO systems. Specifically, by exploiting the large-scale characteristics of fading channels, an interference graph is firstly constructed to describe the potential ICI relationship of all users. Then, with the limited pilot resource, the proposed GC-PA scheme aims to mitigate the potential ICI by efficiently allocating pilots among users in the interference graph. The performance gain of the proposed scheme is verified by simulations.
Date of publication 2015
Code Programming Language MATLAB

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