Deep Blur Mapping: Exploiting High-Level Semantics by Deep Neural Networks

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Authors Kede Ma, Huan Fu, Tongliang Liu, Zhou Wang, Dacheng Tao
Journal/Conference Name IEEE Transactions on Image Processing
Paper Category
Paper Abstract The human visual system excels at detecting local blur of visual images, but the underlying mechanism is not well understood. Traditional views of blur such as reduction in energy at high frequencies and loss of phase coherence at localized features have fundamental limitations. For example, they cannot well discriminate flat regions from blurred ones. Here we propose that high-level semantic information is critical in successfully identifying local blur. Therefore, we resort to deep neural networks that are proficient at learning high-level features and propose the first end-to-end local blur mapping algorithm based on a fully convolutional network. By analyzing various architectures with different depths and design philosophies, we empirically show that high-level features of deeper layers play a more important role than low-level features of shallower layers in resolving challenging ambiguities for this task. We test the proposed method on a standard blur detection benchmark and demonstrate that it significantly advances the state-of-the-art (ODS F-score of 0.853). Furthermore, we explore the use of the generated blur maps in three applications, including blur region segmentation, blur degree estimation, and blur magnification.
Date of publication 2018
Code Programming Language Caffe

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