A Corpus with Multi-Level Annotations of Patients, Interventions and Outcomes to Support Language Processing for Medical Literature

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Authors Benjamin Nye, Junyi Jessy Li, Iain J. Marshall, Yinfei Yang, Byron C. Wallace, Roma Patel, Ani Nenkova
Journal/Conference Name ACL 2018 7
Paper Category
Paper Abstract We present a corpus of 5,000 richly annotated abstracts of medical articles describing clinical randomized controlled trials. Annotations include demarcations of text spans that describe the Patient population enrolled, the Interventions studied and to what they were Compared, and the Outcomes measured (the `PICO' elements). These spans are further annotated at a more granular level, e.g., individual interventions within them are marked and mapped onto a structured medical vocabulary. We acquired annotations from a diverse set of workers with varying levels of expertise and cost. We describe our data collection process and the corpus itself in detail. We then outline a set of challenging NLP tasks that would aid searching of the medical literature and the practice of evidence-based medicine.
Date of publication 2018
Code Programming Language Multiple
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