A Context-Aware Citation Recommendation Model with BERT and Graph Convolutional Networks

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Authors Hyuna Shin, Eunjeong Park, Chanwoo Jeong, Sion Jang, Sungchul Choi
Journal/Conference Name Scientometrics
Paper Category
Paper Abstract With the tremendous growth in the number of scientific papers being published, searching for references while writing a scientific paper is a time-consuming process. A technique that could add a reference citation at the appropriate place in a sentence will be beneficial. In this perspective, context-aware citation recommendation has been researched upon for around two decades. Many researchers have utilized the text data called the context sentence, which surrounds the citation tag, and the metadata of the target paper to find the appropriate cited research. However, the lack of well-organized benchmarking datasets and no model that can attain high performance has made the research difficult. In this paper, we propose a deep learning based model and well-organized dataset for context-aware paper citation recommendation. Our model comprises a document encoder and a context encoder, which uses Graph Convolutional Networks (GCN) layer and Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers (BERT), which is a pre-trained model of textual data. By modifying the related PeerRead dataset, we propose a new dataset called FullTextPeerRead containing context sentences to cited references and paper metadata. To the best of our knowledge, This dataset is the first well-organized dataset for context-aware paper recommendation. The results indicate that the proposed model with the proposed datasets can attain state-of-the-art performance and achieve a more than 28% improvement in mean average precision (MAP) and recall@k.
Date of publication 2019
Code Programming Language Python
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